The GEOTRUPIDAE Family
This page was draw up by Stefano Ziani.
The family Geotrupidae is distributed in Holarctic region with coprophagous, saprophagous and (subfamily Lethrinae only) phytophagous species (10.0 to 45.0 mm long). Adults digs deep burrows, till 300 cm in depth. Outside they can be collected at light.
In Palearctic region geotrupids include 2 subfamilies: Geotrupinae with 2 tribes and more than 10 genera, and Lethrinae with only one genus. Only the subfamily Geotrupinae is distributed in the Levant, with 3 genera and 4 species, no one of them endemics.
Genus Typhaeus Leach, 1815
Subgenus Typhaeus s.str.
T.(Typhaeus) fossor Waltl, 1838 - Israel/Palestine, Syria
T.(Typhaeus) lateridens (Guerin-Meneville, 1838) - Syria
Genus Thorectes Mulsant, 1842
Thorectes brullei ssp. syriacus (Jekel, 1866) - Israel/Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria
Genus Pseudotrypocopris Miksic, 1954
Pseudotrypocopris amedei (Fairmaire, 1861) - Lebanon, Syria